Northern Leopard Frog

Scientific Name:

Lithobates pipiens

Type:

Amphibian

Habitat:

Streams, rivers, wetlands, and both natural and artificial bodies of water

Range:

United States and Canada from California to Maine and the Hudson Bay

Status:

Least Concern (IUCN Red List)

This species is

NATIVE

to the Truckee Meadows.

Identification:

Northern leopard frogs are moderately-sized frogs that usually grow between 2 to 4.5 inches long. They get their name from the distinctive leopard-like spots on their bodies. These spots are darker than the rest of the frogs (which are brown, green, or yellow-green), and there is a halo of different coloring around the spots' circumference. Northern leopard frogs are best spotted in slow-moving or still bodies of water.

Fast Facts:

  • Northern leopard frogs can live up to 4 years of age.

  • These frogs' tadpoles are mainly herbivorous (meaning they feed on plants), but may also consume small invertebrates. Adult northern leopard frogs, on the other hand, exclusively consume small invertebrates.

  • Northern leopard frogs are currently threatened by habitat loss, disease, non-native species, pollution, and climate change. Well over a dozen states today are actively trying to protect these frogs.

Sources:

Contributor(s):

Ellen Wilson (research & content)

Alex Shahbazi (edits & page design)

Last Updated:

May 11, 2021, 10:29:02 PM