Pecan Tree

Scientific Name:

Carya illinoinensis

Type:

Tree

Habitat:

Moist woodlands and stream banks

Range:

Central United States from Illinois and Ohio down through Texas and Louisiana

Status:

Least Concern (IUCN Red List)

This species is

NON-NATIVE

to the Truckee Meadows.

Identification:

These deciduous trees grow between 75 and 100 feet in height. Their compound leaves are dark green and grow between 9 and 17 smaller leaflets. The underside of their leaves are lighter in color. Pecan nuts are encased in a brown shell. The bark of the trunk is gray in color.

Fast Facts:

  • Pecan trees are the largest species in the hickory family.

  • These trees can live past 300 years of age, but do not produce nuts until they reach 8 to 12 years in age.

  • Pecans are the seeds of pecan trees; they are edible and are used for a variety of different dishes. Pecans are also rich in zinc and Vitamin E and can be used to make milk.

  • Pecan trees have some medicinal uses; pulverized pecan leaves can treat ringworm and pecan nuts are fatty and when consumed maintain heart health.

  • Pecan trees are difficult to transplant since they have a deep taproot. This root grounds them deeply in the soil and cutting it will threaten its survival.

  • Pecan trees are often cultivated and grown in urban areas like Idlewild Park in Reno.

Sources:

Contributor(s):

Bridget Mulkerin (research & content)

Max Whealon (research & content)

Alex Shahbazi (edits & page design)

Last Updated:

July 12, 2021, 10:07:09 PM