Variety of freshwater and saltwater areas
Western North America including deserts and mountain areas, where there are freshwater and saltwater lakes and marshes, and coastal areas
Least Concern (IUCN Red List)
This species is
to the Truckee Meadows.
California gulls are considered medium-sized gulls. They have yellow legs, yellow bills, and gray backs which helps to distinguish them from other gulls. California gulls have a red spot on their lower bills. Breeding adults have white heads and non breeding adults will have streaked heads. They have been known to open their mouths and then run through insect swarms in order to capture insects in their mouths.
In 1848, California gulls came to the aid of Mormon settlers by eating the plague of crickets that were about to decimate the crops. There is a monument to these gulls in Salt Lake City, honoring the birds that helped keep the settlers alive.
California gulls are island ground nesters which can make them vulnerable to prey species during drought times.
California gulls breed in inland salt water areas such as Mono Lake and can live year round in freshwater areas such as the Truckee Meadows. They winter mostly along the North American coasts. They are considered omnivores as they will eat all kinds of human food as well as insects, rodents, and aquatic invertebrates.
Audubon Society, Bird Guide, California Gull, website 2021, https://www.audubon.org/field-guide/bird/california-gull
IUCN Redlist, California Gull, website, 2018 assessed. https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/22694321/132542511
Cornel Ornithology Lab, All About Birds, California Gull, website 2021, https://www.allaboutbirds.org/guide/California_Gull/
Image: Matt Tillett, https://www.flickr.com/photos/mattyfioner/6244029074, license https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/, cropped from original.
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