Poison Hemlock

Scientific Name:

Conium Maculatum

Type:

Herbaceous Plant

Habitat:

A wide variety of human-disturbed areas

Range:

Native to Eurasia; widespread across the United States

Status:

No listed status

This species is

INVASIVE

to the Truckee Meadows.

Identification:

Poison hemlock is a perennial plant that can grow around 5 to 8 feet tall. Their pinnate leaves have two-to-four leaflets, giving the leaves a lacy texture. Usually spotted or streaked with red or purple on the lower half of the stem, all parts of poison hemlock are hairless. Their white flowers form in clusters of umbles, which look like umbrellas.

Fast Facts:

  • As their name suggests, all parts of poison hemlock are extremely poisonous to livestock and humans. Poison hemlock contains an alkaloid poison called coniine which can cause respiratory collapse and death.

  • Poison hemlock grows in damp areas. It is used as food by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species (like butterflies and moths).

  • Poison hemlock is in the same taxonomic family as carrots (Apiaceae), which is one reason why plant identification is so important if you ever plan on foraging in the wild! This would be a deadly mistake to make.

  • In ancient Greece, hemlock was used to poison condemned prisoners. This was thought to be a form of a humane death sentence. Poison hemlock is thought to be the plant that Socrates was forced to consume in 399 BCE.

Sources:

Contributor(s):

Faviola Rodriguez (research & content)

Haley McGuire (research & content)

Jill Katz (photo)

Alex Shahbazi (edits & page design)

Last Updated:

April 23, 2021, 11:26:23 PM